In pursuance of the recommendations of the Scientific Manpower Committee made about five decades ago, the erstwhile Ministry of Education, Government of India, initiated a `Practical Training Stipendiary Scheme’ with the object of providing Practical Training to the fresh Engineering Graduates and Diploma Holders in Engineering. This scheme was directly administered by the Ministry of Education, Government of India at New Delhi, initially under this scheme, the industries/establishments, which took part on a voluntary basis, were requested to share the cost of stipend payable to the Apprentices equally. As the response from the Industries/establishments to the scheme was quite encouraging and the demand for training from the needy candidates was equally increasing, the scheme was decentralized for administration of the same to its Four Regional Offices. As the demand for training increased quite alarmingly the Government of India set up four Regional Boards of Apprenticeship/Practical Training at Chennai, Kanpur, Mumbai and Kolkatta in the year 1969, as “Autonomous Bodies” having representations from the Industrial Associations and organizations, state Governments and other professional bodies.
Thus the administration of the scheme was vested with these Boards with the sole object of functioning independently to provide apprenticeship training to the fresh Engineering Graduates/Technician apprentices under the provisi9ons of the Apprentices Act, 1961 amended in 1973. The Act has once again amended in 1986 to bring the products of 10 +2 Vocational / Junior Colleges / Intermediate pass out students under the provisions of the Apprentices Act. The new category of apprentices are termed as Technician (Vocational) Apprentices.These four Regional Boards are authorised agencies to implement the national scheme of apprenticeship training in their respective regions.In order to provide on the job training to fresh Engineering Graduates and Diploma Holders in Engineering in an organised and effective manner, four Regional Boards of Apprenticeship Training (BOAT) / Board of Practical Training (BOPT) were set up by the Ministry of Education and Culture, Governments of India, as autonomous organisations in 1969. The Regional Offices of the Boards are located at Kanpur, Chennai, Mumbai and Kolkatta. After having set up the Regional Boards, the PTS Scheme was transferred to four Regional Boards, entrusting the direct responsibility and autonomy in the administration of the Scheme.
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- To fulfill / match, any gap, in so far as the practical / hands on experience of fresh graduate engineers, diploma holders and +2 vocational pass-outs are concerned, which they do not acquire during their regular studies under normal practice.
- To establish liaise between the industries and technical institutions to improve the quality of technical education and develop human resource for the industries.
- To secure facilities for training in different establishments, both private and public sector organizations for the products of technical institutions.
- To make selections for placement from among the applicants who wish to undergo training.
- To make – out programme of training for the trainees in consultation with them and the industry and other agencies concerned. To arrange for dissemination of information of various aspects of practical training through lectures, films and other media of communications. To award certificates as may be appropriate to those who successfully completed the training course. To enhance the technical competency to improve confidence level of qualified youth.